ADR stands for Accord Dangereux Routier (European regulations concerning the international transport of dangerous goods by road). It is a UN treaty concluded in 1957 and updated ever since, according to new rules and regulations in the logistics industry.
ADR is mainly based on two types of regulations:
- The regulation of the merchandise content, packaging and labels;
- The regulation of the vehicle types used for the transport of hazardous materials.
Hazardous goods are classified under the treaty of ADR. The lists of dangerous goods are sorted by their UN number each subject to specific requirements and regulations. These regulations include some of the important topics such as:
- Limited quantities;
- Conditions of loading, unloading and handling;
- Vehicle crews, equipment, operation, documentation;
- Approval of vehicles.
ADR classification of hazardous goods is as follows:
Explosive Substances and Articles
Gasses: flammable, non-flammable, non-toxic, toxic
Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides
Toxic and infectious substances
Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles